Latinx Speak: The Importance of Speaking Spanish


For many people speaking Spanish can be synonymous with being latinx, so much so that not being able to speak the language can often elicit reactions of shock or derision and can leave non-Spanish speaking latinx feeling frustrated, ashamed or alienated. There are many reasons why a latinx might not be able to speak Spanish, but the bottom-line is that not speaking Spanish doesn’t take away a latinx’s latinidad just like being able to speak Spanish can’t make a gringo one of us.

However, there are also a lot of reasons that speaking the language can be beneficial for a latinx, so I decided to ask some of my friends why they thought speaking Spanish was important to them.

At Home and Travelling Back to Motherlands

I speak Spanish to connect with my family back in DR or even my family here who never learned English. 
Lisedy Bueno

Many latinx like me have loved ones that don’t speak English, whether it be parents, grandparents or others from their extended/chosen family. When I was growing up, my brother and I spoke to my mother in English and she would respond to us in Spanish. Now that I’m older I understand how that ended up being somewhat of a wall between us and how alienating that must have been for her—coming to a new country with a new language and new customs and then to have children who didn’t communicate with her in her own language in her home which should have been her safe space. Though my mother understands English, my grandmother doesn’t at all. There is so much I learn from her every single day and it’s something my younger cousins who don’t speak Spanish miss out on as a result.

But even more difficult to navigate were the return trips to the land of my parent’s origin. Often heritage speakers (people with Latinx heritage who speak Spanish) talk about family members “back home” criticizing them for not speaking or forgetting their language. And it ends up breeding feelings of shame. However, with travel there’s a layer of privilege as first-world citizens that we must all hold ourselves accountable for: not speaking the language of a country you are visiting forces people to try to meet you were you’re at in their own home.

The Future Generations

I gained spanish through osmosis for the first 18 years of my life, so if I lost it, I’d lose myself. When I have kids…Spanish will be a way to connect to their past but not to their present like me.
Manuel Venero 
For many of us, speaking Spanish is a way to connect to our past and to our roots, but many pointed out that it was also a way to bridge past generations to future ones. An article in The Economist explained that it takes about three generations for descendants of immigrants to “lose” their native tongue. Though identity is not exclusively carried in language, for some that “loss” of language constitutes a loss of self, one they hope future generations don’t have to face. To keep the language alive in latinx communities in the US, parents would need to be able to speak Spanish in order to teach it their kids.

Speaking Spanish as an Act of Resistance

There we’re so many people who were forced to forget their indigenous tongue when they were forcibly assimilated into the US/ Latin America, I think to willingly forget it or be ashamed of speaking it is really insulting to those who came before us
Angelica Romero
Immigrant children and children of immigrants often face extreme othering growing up: from their names, to what they bring in their lunch boxes, to their clothes and cultural customs, everything becomes fodder for bullying. Assimilation often happens to relieve some of the pressure to fit into a dominant culture that is very different from what folks experience at home. For many speaking Spanish has become an act of resistance to that pressure, especially when doing so in public can lead to being the victim of acts of violence and harassment. Throughout history, forced assimilation has started with a mandate to cease speaking native tongues. Speaking Spanish as a latinx is one way to push back on the staggering push to assimilate. Especially since just as not speaking Spanish doesn’t make one not-latinx, doing so doesn’t take away one’s Americanness.

To Serve and Connect with our Community

To serve my people better, make sure they aren’t being swindled and shit, and because it’s the language of our families and it’s our language of love.
Nat Agosto

For many of us love translates into service for our community, whether as teachers or case workers or school guidance counsellors and to be able to truly serve that community having the language skills is often necessary. Not speaking English often is a barrier for our community to access the resources available to them as students, parents, or workers. Bureaucracy is hard enough to navigate but without the ability to communicate it becomes downright impossible. For those of who speak Spanish in order to serve, doing so allows us to be the bridge between the needs of our community and the resources they might not have access to on their own. It’s not uncommon for children to have to translate at Parent-Teacher night or to have to help their parents make appointments at the doctor’s office—and that’s where our language skills come into play. Serving our community is not only done in grassroots organizations. For folks like my mother having a Spanish-speaker at the other side of the cashier can often take the stress out of what for many is common, everyday occurrence.

Untranslatable Moments

 I enjoy hearing Dominican analogies in its tongue, connecting with the lyrics of our favorite Spanish songs. Letting [my mom] know I love her in the tongue she taught me.

Jeffrey Taveras

A theme that ran through my conversation with many Spanish-speaking Latinx was the concept of not having to translate love bringing up the fact that there are things in all languages that aren’t translatable even if the Spanish-English dictionary begs to differ. I have often said that language, true language, happens beyond the nuts and bolts you learn in a regular classroom. It happens in the idioms, the expressions, the dialects we speak. There are moments, songs, jokes and expressions that cannot be deconstructed in any other language than the one they’re delivered in. The ability to learn from or about someone or something in its own language is one of those moments.

The benefits and reasons for speaking Spanish or not are varied and intensely personal. There is no one-size-fits-all approach to identity and no one should feel that there is. If however, you’re a latinx who is looking to brush up on your Spanish skills there are a bunch of different resources at different price points. Here are some free resources to pick through. Did you know the Cervantes Institute in New York gives free classes for heritage speakers?

If you’re looking to brush up on your skills or learn the language in a judgment-free way, privately and from the comfort of your home or workplace contact me to find out how you can learn online. Heritage speakers get a discount and I’m completely willing to work with your budget! Don’t let shame or lack of funds keep you from learning how to speak Spanish if that’s one of your goals.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *